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La Chaire Fondation Affinity Animaux et Santé

L’objectif de la Chaire Fondation Affinity Animaux et Santé de l’Université Autonome de Barcelone est de mener des travaux de recherche sur la relation homme-animal de compagnie.

La Chaire Fondation Affinity Animaux et Santé est impulsée conjointement par le Département de Psychiatrie et Médecine Légale de l’Université Autonome de Barcelone, la Fondation Affinity et le Parc Salud Mar de Barcelone.

À ce jour, les travaux de recherche de la Chaire ont généré 16 publications dans des revues scientifiques, 3 chapitres dans des ouvrages techniques, 2 thèses doctorales et plus de 30 conférences lors de congrès, séminaires et colloques internationaux.

Depuis sa création, la Chaire a organisé 3 congrès internationaux à Barcelone : Canine Science Forum et ADI (Assistance Dogs International) en 2012 et le congrès annuel de ISAZ en 2014 (International Society for Anthrozoology).

De 2015 à 2018, la Chaire a organisé, en collaboration avec la Mairie de Barcelone, un master en Anthropozoologie spécialement conçu pour les personnes travaillant au sein d’organisations de protection animale.

Domaines de connaissance

  • Nature du lien entre les personnes et les animaux de compagnie.
  • Bienfaits de la cohabitation avec des animaux sur la santé et la qualité de vie.
  • Pouvoir thérapeutique des animaux sur les personnes.

Publications

Depuis 2013, l’Observatoire Fondation Affinity se consacre à la diffusion de la connaissance scientifique concernant le lien homme-animal de compagnie.

The characteristics of the human-animal bond may be influenced by both owner-related and dog-related factors. A study was designed to explore the existence of different dog ownership patterns and their related factors. We created an on line questionnaire that included demographic questions about the dog and the owner, a Spanish version of the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS) and a validated measure of satisfaction with life (Cantril’s ladder). We collected 1140 valid responses from adult dog owners, who were recruited using the client databases of Spanish veterinary practices...

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Characteristics of the human-animal bond can be influenced by both owner-related and pet-related factors, which likely differ between species. Three studies adapted the Monash Dog-Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS) to permit assessment of human-cat interactions as perceived by the cat’s owner. In Study 1293 female cat owners completed a modified version of the MDORS, where ‘dog’ was replaced with ‘cat’ for all items...

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the Spanish confinement for the control of the COVID-19 pandemic on the behavior of pet cats and dogs, and the support that pets provided to their owners. We found that the quality of life of owners was strongly influenced by the lifestyle and emotional effects of the confinement, and that pets provided them with substantial support to mitigate those effects. However, pets showed signs of behavioral change that were consistent with stress, with dogs that had pre-existing behavioral problems being the most affected.

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Dogs are a source of companionship and comfort for their owners, but the degree to which this might translate into real emotional and social support has not been quantified. Emotional and social support are essential to help people to get through personal crises such as bereavement...

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In this paper we wanted to estimate the incidence of abandonment, as well as the general profile of dogs and cats entering animal shelters in our country. Also, we wanted to test the impact of identification on the recovery of dogs that had entered animal shelters. More than 100,000 dogs and more than 30,000 cats enter animal shelters annually in Spain. We observed a seasonal effect in the number of admissions in cats. A considerable percentage remained at the shelter or was euthanized. We found that identification of dogs with a microchip increased by 3-fold the likelihood of them being returned to the owner.

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Understanding the psychological correlates of attitudes toward pet relinquishment and actual pet relinquishment is essential to inform interventions, and assess their impact. In this study, we developed new scales to measure attitudes toward pet relinquishment, motives for pet relinquishment, and general trust in pets. With these scales, we showed that attitudes of lack of obligation toward pet relinquishment were more likely in older people, those who perceived their pet as a burden, and those with lower general trust in pets. In addition, we found that attitudes of pragmatism toward pet relinquishment were more likely in men, those who were the main pet caretaker, those who perceived their pet as a burden, those with higher motives for pet relinquishment, and those with lower general trust in pets. Moreover, we found that past pet relinquishment behavior was more likely among people with attitudes of pragmatism toward pet relinquishment. Broadly, these findings advance our knowledge of pet relinquishment, and are likely to inform intervention campaigns to prevent it.

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Currently, one of the main objectives of human–animal interaction research is to demonstrate the benefits of animal assisted therapy (AAT) for specific profiles of patients or participants. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of an AAT program as an adjunct to a conventional 6–month psychosocial rehabilitation program for people with schizophrenia. Our hypothesis is that the inclusion of AAT into psychosocial rehabilitation would contribute positively to the impact of the overall program on symptomology and quality of life, and that AAT would be a positive experience for patients. To test these hypotheses, we compared pre–program with post–program scores for the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the EuroQoL-5 dimensions questionnaire (EuroQol-5D), pre–session with post–session salivary cortisol and alpha–amylase for the last four AAT sessions, and adherence rates between different elements of the program. We conducted a randomized, controlled study in a psychiatric care center in Spain. Twenty–two institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia completed the 6–month rehabilitation program, which included individual psychotherapy, group therapy, a functional program (intended to improve daily functioning), a community program (intended to facilitate community reintegration) and a family program. Each member of the control group (n = 8) participated in one activity from a range of therapeutic activities that were part of the functional program. In place of this functional program activity, the AAT–treatment group (n = 14) participated in twice–weekly 1–h sessions of AAT. All participants received the same weekly total number of hours of rehabilitation. At the end of the program, both groups (control and AAT–treatment) showed significant improvements in positive and overall symptomatology, as measured with PANSS, but only the AAT–treatment group showed a significant improvement in negative symptomatology. Adherence to the AAT–treatment was significantly higher than overall adherence to the control group’s functional rehabilitation activities. Cortisol level was significantly reduced after participating in an AAT session, which could indicate that interaction with the therapy dogs reduced stress. In conclusion, the results of this small–scale RCT suggest that AAT could be considered a useful adjunct to conventional psychosocial rehabilitation for people with schizophrenia.

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Équipe

L’objectif de la Chaire Fondation Affinity Animaux et Santé de l’Université Autonome de Barcelone est de mener des travaux de recherche sur la relation homme-animal de compagnie.

Direction

  • Dr. Jaume Fatjó
    Docteur Vétérinaire.
    Professeur associé - Département de Psychiatrie et Médecine Légale de la UAB.

Comité mixte de suivi

  • Professeur Antoni Bulbena
    Professeur d’Université de Psychiatrie.
    Directeur du Département de Psychiatrie et Médecine Légale de la UAB.
  • Isabel Buil
    Directrice de la Fondation Affinity.
  • Professeur Adolf Tobeña
    Professeur émérite du Département de Psychiatrie et Médecine Légale de la UAB.
  • Dr Celina Torre
    Docteur Vétérinaire.
    Directrice de la Recherche Affinity Petcare.
  • Dr Oscar Vilarroya
    Médecin et docteur en Sciences Cognitives.
    Directeur de la recherche du Département de Psychiatrie et Médecine Légale de la UAB.
  • Professeur Lluís Ferrer
    Professeur d’Université de Pathologie Animale du Département de Médecine et Chirurgie Animale.
  • Dr Joan Ramon Fortuny
    Médecin Psychiatre.
    Directeur du Processus de Réadaptation Psychosociale du Parc de Salud Mar de Barcelone.

Collaborateurs

Contact

Département de Psychiatrie et Médecine Légale de la UAB
Faculté de Médecine
Campus de la UAB
Tel. (+34) 93 581 23 81
08193 – Bellaterra
Jaume.fatjo@uab.es